A Hybrid Network Architecture for Rural Remote Patient Monitoring
DescriptionCurrent remote patient monitoring (RPM) systems are fully reliant on the Internet. However, complete reliance on Internet connectivity is impractical in rural and remote environments where modern
infrastructure is often lacking, power outages are frequent, and/or network connectivity is sparse (e.g. mountainous regions of Appalachia, American Indian reservations, developing countries and natural disaster situations). Furthermore, the significant costs associated with deploying and maintaining broadband connectivity along with the unique cultural and societal needs of various rural populations have reduced the feasibility of mHealth solutions for many rural patients. This work proposes augmenting intermittent Internet with opportunistic communication by leveraging the social behaviors of patients, caregivers and community members to facilitate out-of-range monitoring of patients.